Diet drinks may impede weight-loss goals, according to a new study.
Are you attempting to lose weight? Researchers warn that diet drinks are unlikely to help.
According to a University of Southern California study, those containing the artificial sweetener sucralose may potentially enhance food cravings and appetite in women and obese persons.
Dr. Kathleen Page, an associate professor at the university’s Keck School of Medicine in Los Angeles, stated, “There is debate surrounding the usage of artificial sweeteners since a lot of individuals are using them for weight loss.”
“While some research suggests they may be beneficial, other research suggests they may contribute to weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and other metabolic diseases. In a school news release, she added, “Our study looked at several population groups to tease out some of the causes underlying those inconsistent outcomes.”
Page’s team invited 74 people to drink 300 milliliters of fluid, which included beverages sweetened with table sugar, sucralose, or water as a control. At three different sessions, the participants did so.
After that, individuals were given photos of items like a burger and a donut, and MRIs were used to see how brain regions involved in appetite and food cravings reacted.
In comparison to drinks containing actual sugar, there was higher activity in certain brain locations when women and obese people had sucralose-containing drinks.
Sucralose-containing drinks also decreased levels of hormones that signal the body “I feel full,” suggesting that artificially sweetened drinks may not be efficient in reducing hunger.
Furthermore, women who drank sucralose-containing drinks ate more at the snack buffet than males, according to the data.
“Our research begins to put the conflicting results from prior studies on the brain and behavioral effects of artificial sweeteners into context,” Page said.
“We were able to establish that females and those with obesity may be more sensitive to artificial sweeteners by investigating diverse groups. Drinking artificially sweetened drinks may fool the brain into thinking it’s hungry, leading to additional calories being consumed,” Page explained.
The findings were published in the JAMA Network Open journal this week.
More information about losing weight can be found at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States.
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