Heat receptors are the subject of a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded to scientists from the United States.
David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian, both of the United States, were declared the winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work in finding human temperature and touch receptors on Monday.
Their discoveries have been crucial for many physiological processes and illness problems by outlining how heat, cold, and touch can trigger impulses in the human nervous system.
The Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute, which awards the prize for physiology or medicine, said in a statement that “our ability to perceive heat, cold, and touch is crucial for life and supports our interaction with the world around us.”
“David Julius used capsaicin, a strong substance found in chili peppers that causes a burning sensation, to find a heat-sensitive sensor in the skin’s nerve endings. Ardem Patapoutian discovered a new class of sensors that respond to mechanical stimuli in the skin and internal organs by using pressure-sensitive cells.”
According to the Nobel Committee, Julius and Patapoutian’s groundbreaking findings sparked a surge in research and a quick improvement in science’s knowledge of how the nervous system perceives heat, cold, and mechanical stimuli.
Julius is a professor at the University of California, San Francisco, and a former postdoctoral fellow at Columbia University. He is a native New Yorker. His doctorate was earned at the University of California, Berkeley.
Patapoutian was born in Beirut, Lebanon, and relocated to Los Angeles with his parents when he was a toddler. Since 2014, he has worked as a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator at Scripps Research in La Jolla, California. He obtained his doctorate from the California Institute of Technology and worked at the University of California, San Francisco as a postdoctoral researcher.
The Karolinska Institute noted, “These breakthrough discoveries prompted extensive research activity leading to a rapid growth in our understanding of how our nervous system feels heat, cold, and mechanical stimuli.” “The Laureates discovered important gaps in our knowledge of the complicated interplay between our senses and the environment.”
Additional Nobel Prizes will be awarded during the rest of this week and on Monday. The Nobel Prize in Physics will be awarded on Tuesday by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be revealed on Wednesday, the Nobel Prize in Literature will be announced on Thursday, and the Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday. The award for economic… Article Summary from Nokia News