The first private rocket, SpaceShipOne, reaches the edge of space on this day.

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The first private rocket, SpaceShipOne, reaches the edge of space on this day.

On this historic date:

The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, today known as Texas A&M, was founded in 1876. It was Texas’s first public institution of higher learning.

The inaugural run of the Orient Express train took place in 1883, with stops in Munich and Vienna along the way. It began in Paris, at Gare de l’Est, and ended in Giurgiu, Romania.

The first U.S. Open men’s golf competition was held in 1895. Horace Rawlins was the winner.

Gutzon Borglum, an artist, begins sculpting Mount Rushmore in 1927. It would take 14 years to complete, with the monument’s construction completed in 1941. Despite the project’s difficulty, there were no worker fatalities.

Sputnik 1, the first man-made space satellite, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957. The successful launch of the Soviet Union took America off guard, igniting the Space Race.

On his first visit to the United States, Pope Paul VI arrived at Kennedy International Airport in New York in 1965.

Earl Butz resigned as United States Agriculture Secretary in 1976, apologizing for his “gross indiscretion” in making a racial comment.

Art Shell was hired as the first black head coach in the contemporary National Football League by the Oakland Raiders in 1989.

The US and 23 other countries struck an agreement in 1991 prohibiting mineral and oil exploitation in Antarctica for the next 50 years.

An El Al 747 freight airliner crashed into an apartment complex on the outskirts of Amsterdam in 1992, killing up to 250 people.

On the second day of the Battle of Mogadishu in 1993, US President Bill Clinton dispatched several hundred extra US troops to Somalia.

A Siberian Airlines airliner burst and crashed into the Black Sea in 2001, killing all 64 passengers and crew members on board. The jet was damaged by a missile fired during a Ukrainian military training exercise, according to evidence provided by the US.

In 2004, SpaceShipOne, the first privately funded rocket to reach the edge of space, sailed across the California desert at a height of nearly 62 miles.

Julian Assange founded Wikileaks.org in 2006 as a repository for leaked documents and other secret items.

A sludge reservoir in Hungary burst in 2010, dumping 200 million gallons of poisonous mud over the highways of three villages, killing seven people, wounding 150 others, and… Article Summary from Nokia News

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